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#1 13-03-2018 04:49:27

xuzz22
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The sheer diversity of cultures in Southeast Asia and Oceania has played a large part in the evolution of martial arts in the region. At the same time http://www.belgientrikotwm2018.be/thorg … rikot.html , a wealth of religious practices?including shamanism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Hinduism, and http://www.belgientrikotwm2018.be/divoc … rikot.html , in particular, Buddhism?have all contributed to the philosophical underpinnings of indigenous, imported, and hybrid art forms. These have been influenced by Chinese traditions and martial arts, and have flowered into a wide ranging catalogue of fighting : systems, each with its own distinct flavor and cultural identity.

Some martial arts traditions in the region http://www.belgientrikotwm2018.be/steve … rikot.html , such as amis and kali, have provided the inspiration for other, more modern arts. For example, today there are more than 800 schools across Indonesia s 13,000 islands teaching the indigenous martial art pencak silat and the majority of them teach different styles. In the Philippines, eskrima contains a multitude of stick fighting http://www.belgientrikotwm2018.be/thoma … rikot.html , knife fighting, and empty hand techniques that were developed in the past, but which have been adapted to cope with the risks and dangers of modern life on the country s mean city streets.

Southeast Asian arts range from full contact aggression to a more gentle focus on self development. For example, muay Thai, the direct and effective kickboxing sport that uses elbows and knees, is a simple yet brutal art. In contrast http://www.belgientrikotwm2018.be/dries … rikot.html , the Myanmarian art of pongyi thaing is nonviolent and stresses Hindu and Buddhist principles in an attempt to develop a practitioner s mind, body, and spirit. Those who practice the ancient Myanmarian art of bando yoga seek to cultivate their health?and in former times their readiness for battle?by defending themselves against both armed attack from without and internal disease from within, leading to a more peaceful existence free from confrontation and conflict. This philosophical concept was captured succinctly by the legendary Bruce Lee when he said: If you don t fight, you cannot lose.

The past meets the present

Many of the older indigenous martial art forms in Southeast Asia were practiced alongside music, dance http://www.belgientrikotwm2018.be/koen- … rikot.html , and drama. These traditions live on today, although in a slightly different form. For example, muay thai practitioners engage in a dancelike ritual before they fight to protect themselves and hex their opponent during a bout. The fight itself is always accompanied by hypnotic and distinctive music. In Indonesia and Malaysia, silat is often practiced to a musical accompaniment and often features in folk dramas.

Renewed life

As nations and their people in the region emerge from years of conflict and suppression, traditional martial arts have begun to flower once again. Cambodia s ancient martial art traditions can be seen in the figures that adorn the temples of Angkor Wat, which dates back to the 12th century CE. The arts in Myanmar are mostly animal based techniques and have survived with relatively little influence from the other modern sporting arts in the region. Many styles of thaing?the generic term for defense or all out fighting systems in Myanmar?are largely based on grappling and striking. Lethwei http://www.belgientrikotwm2018.be/simon … rikot.html , a traditional Myanmarian sport similar to muay Thai, has been practiced in Myanmar for centuries and continues to grow in popularity.

Jingoistic trends

Throughout Vietnam s turbulent history, both culturally and philosophically, the country s Chinese influenced martial arts were never standardized. Instead they were primarily passed along family lines and, during the French occupation from 1859 to 1954, were driven underground. They are now enjoying a reemergence and many have strong nationalistic elements http://www.belgientrikotwm2018.be/kevin … rikot.html , such as vovinam, which was founded in 1938 as a Vietnamese martial art for Vietnamese people.

Martial arts down under

In Oceania, most of the ancient fighting techniques and systems not only use simple weapons, such as stones, slingshots, and sticks http://www.belgientrikotwm2018.be/eden- … rikot.html , but also metal spears, swords, and other bladed weapons. Mau rakau, the traditional Maori martial art, is of particular interest. The art is seen as being a useful way of cultivating self discipline and social responsibility and practitioners often have to endure painful tattooing as a rite of passage to warriorhood. A number of hybrid martial arts have evolved in Australia and New Zealand, especially during the early 1970s when the martial arts craze reached its zenith and films and television series featured central characters who were skilled in combat or self defense techniques. Many of these arts remain popular today.
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